Due to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.
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Q: HELP! I wasn’t in shul today and couldn’t put on tefillin.. when is the latest I could put on and if I did it in the afternoon would I daven mincha?
A: You have to put it on before sunset and yes you can daven mincha with them (that is actually optimal).
Q: We inadvertently left some labels on when toiveling dishes and glasses and used them. Do they need to be toiveled again (labels removed)? If so, toivel with or without a bracha?
A: Unless the stickers are inconspicuous and you would only remove them for toveling, you would need to remove the stickers and tovel them again with a bracha. It is considered like it was never toveled before since the unwanted stickers prevented the water from reaching part of it. Just like if the handle of a mug, for example, was not dipped beneath the surface of the water.
A: They would have to be immersed, with a bracha.